- to become, or to cause something to become, stronger or more powerful
- to make something fuller or more complete
- conscious spiritual practice
The focus on the physical
Yoga is an internal practice the rest is just a circus ~ Sri Pattabhi Jois
As I began thinking about what deepening our Sadhana meant I reflected on my own journey over the last thirteen years and what might be the critical distillations. I also sought some insight from Patanjali’s Yoga Sutras which will follow.
For many of us our entry point into yoga was Asana (yoga poses). Typically, progression takes on the momentum of ‘excelling’ in certain postures, milestones are reached when we can finally touch your toes or balance in Crow pose.
We might have associated deepening our Sadhana with advancing our yoga postures, i.e. getting stronger and more flexible. Of course there is nothing wrong with that, but in my opinion the practice of yoga is so rich and there are so many gems to be discovered beyond the physical postures.
Asking the right questions
The style of asana practice we first embarked on might not be the asana practice that continues to serve us over the years.
As we practise over months and years, we can go deeper by listening and responding to what the mind and body are communicating to us about the practice we are engaged in. How is our breath maintained throughout the practice? How are our energy levels sustained and regulated during our practice? Do we leave energised? Depleted? Where is our head at whilst we are practicing? Distracted? Absorbed? Do we look forward to arriving? Or are we more excited for it to be over? Is our practice a chore? Are we driven to practice out of obligation or fear? Or do we genuinely arrive on our mats grateful and excited to be there? Are we willing to question our practice, to take a step back and become curious about what experience we are having and whether the experience is beneficial to ourselves and to our relationships?
Motivation and intention
Which brings us to a fundamental question… What is yoga to you?
What experience are you pursuing and how do your choices on and (maybe more importantly) off the mat contribute toward your yoga?
Knowing your motivation and your intention keeps you on your path. It’s very easy to get distracted by the shoulds and musts, getting drawn into practices because everyone else is, flitting from one practice to another because the resistance you meet feels too uncomfortable – only to meet it again in a different guise.
I remember acquiring book after book looking for THE answer to all my problems, somewhere between pages 20 to 50 the answer was given… cultivating a meditation practice. Nope, that was not the answer I was looking for, so I put down one book and purchased another, THE one that would give me THE Right answer. No prizes for guessing how this played out…
The previous question brings yet another question…. How significant are the details of the practice?
What are the constituents or necessary ingredients for you to create your experience of yoga? How rigid or flexible are those elements? Again another open question.
Once upon a time, I would arrive at class as a consumer with the expectation that it was the teacher’s responsibility to make yoga to happen for me, to me, even. At times I left disappointed, I didn’t work in the way I wanted to, yet I was unwilling to take responsibility for my own practice in this way. TKV Desikachar’s words echo in my mind, ‘Finally, I must become my own therapist’.
When I was studying to become a yoga teacher, part of my Sadhana project and final essay was to ‘abstain’ from going to a yoga class for a month and instead develop and deepen my self-practice at home. This is what I felt my yoga needed to evolve and grow. And this is responsibility – the ability to respond to our fluctuating internal experiences, our forever changing external circumstances and identify the necessary and sufficient conditions for us to experience yoga.
Looking to Patanjali
Practice with consistency
Master Patanjali offers us two core principles to apply towards our yoga practice elucidated in Yoga Sutras 1.12-1.16. Patanjali does not tell us what to do, but how to engage with our practice. The first principle is Abhyasa: to practise with consistency, to constantly choose the appropriate practices and exertion of effort for us to access our yoga. Once more we are met by a teaching that does not prescribe the whats but insists upon the hows; it’s aboutapproach rather than technique. A consistent and sincere enquiry, questioning, curiosity and unwavering commitment to your Sadhana.
Practise with non attachment
The second principle is Vairagya – non-attachment, a gradual letting go of our preferences, our likes and dislikes, the colourings that oxymoronically dull the mind. When the mind clings to something it becomes rigid and inflexible, we calcify and become narrow in our perspective. By taking an expansive and open-minded approach we experience more freedom and liberation and we are less disappointed by the outcomes of things not going our way.
We feel less entitled in other words: ‘what can you or the universe do for me and my preferences?’ Instead within the vastness and breadth of our non-attachment lies so much opportunity and possibility. So much room for growth and transformation. So much space for yoga to happen. What is more, a pace is implied in these teachings.
Patanjali does not suggest it’s a quick fix, microwavable enlightenment in biodegradable packaging. Critically, what is proposed is consistency over time and a gradual letting go and shedding of the layers of our preferences. In this way I feel the marriage and application of the two companion principles Abhyasa and Vairagya is complete and profound.
Love is what is left when you let go of all the things you love
~ Swami Jnaneshvara
In these recent months I have been reminded of the teachings as I navigate my way through my first pregnancy and explore yoga from very different internal and external states. It has been the deepest experience of Surrender as I have had to find my experience of yoga in very different ways, my most profound of practice sometimes curled up in a ball horizontal on the sofa – you don’t see that pose in many textbooks! I had to let go of what yoga had been, or looked like on the outside in terms of the rituals and techniques, and find that deep-rooted experience of yoga that I had cultivated over the years. After the sofa surfing phase was over returning to class and to my asana practice was richer and more intrinsic than ever.
Yoga happens when you consistently discriminate between the choices and actions that uplift and elevate your life and the life of others and when, over time you can let go of all that which does not. Your Sadhana is a seed that was once planted, the more consistently you nourish and nurture it with the appropriate ingredients, the deeper its roots will grow. Then all that is left is for you to experience it blossoming and flourishing in its fullest glory.
No ‘one size fits all’
The gift and the curse of this article is that you may finish it with more questions than answers.
My ‘left brain’ was frustrated throughout its conception and formation as there was no definitive answer to the question, “How does one deepen their Sadhana?”.
On a good day I do not choose to be prescriptive and yet I wanted to give you something to walk away with, something to work with, some tools of enquiry at least to guide you on your way. The revelation in this frustration (or perhaps ‘remembrance’ is more accurate) is that there is no one-size-fits-all answer on how to deepen your practice. It’s yours! And I hope progressively a more internal experience than anything you perceive to be measurable or validated from the outside.
“The target of Yoga is ‘svatantra’
which means to discover our own technique.
‘Sva’ means itself and ‘tantra’ means technique.
The techniques are in oneself and we must discover them;
if not we will depend on others.
I am sick and I go to the doctor;
but finally I must become my own therapist.
This is ‘svatantra.” ~ TKV Desikachar
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If you’d like to put these principles into practice, you can follow our program ‘The Eight Limbs of Yoga‘. In this 8 week program our aim is to help you achieve a good grasp of each limb through informative talks, yoga, Pranayama and meditation. Go deeper and truly enrich your yoga practice and hopefully, your life.